Rats belong to the rodent family. An adult rat can reach 30 cm in length and around 500 g in weight. They generally like and prefer living in close proximity with humans because of the easy access to food and shelter. They can cause a lot of damage in multiple ways. Rats contaminate and destroy crops in farms, damage products in warehouses, damage insulation of any type of machinery, disrupt structure of buildings and spread acute and highly infectious diseases. Food products that come in direct contact with mice can cause diseases varying from minor food poisons to fatal diseases. Most of the diseases out of 35 infectious diseases are caused by their urine and faeces. Numerous steps are taken by the government of Bulgaria and associated organisations for the унищожаване на плъхове .
Steps for the extermination of rats
Prevent Pest Control makes the service of унищожаване на плъхове (extermination of rats) available under the legislation of Bulgaria as per the requirements of RHI (HEI). The service is provided once or repeated on the basis of the subscription plan required. The steps by Prevent Pest Control are controlled by health inspectors, food safety agencies and the ministry of health. It comprises fast and crucial actions to get rid of rats in residential areas, warehouses, public buildings, restaurants, commercial sites and farms. As a first step in the strategy, food is kept at places that are hard to reach for rats. All the spaces through which mice can penetrate are filled with fillers that stop the rats.The anti-rat arrangement is kept in deratization boxes where rats are suspected. Rodenticides which are specifically designed to kill rats are used. The rodenticides are added to food that is kept to attract rats. It takes several days for rats to die after the consumption of such food.
These animals are very adaptable and resilient, making the extermination process long and tedious. If the number of rats is high, a follow up treatment is needed after 20 days. A rat trap or rat poison can be used if there are few rats. The organisation provides the services as per the appointment scheduled by the client. It takes approximately 3 to 7 days to see the effect of the extermination steps. They also provide support and guidelines to avoid rats on the site in future.